Weather-shortened game

Weather plays a significant role in baseball, with rain, storms, and other harsh conditions often interrupting play and sometimes even leading to games being shortened. A weather-shortened game occurs when a baseball game is called off before its natural end due to unfavorable weather conditions. While rare, these situations can present challenges for league officials, players, and fans alike, as rescheduling, statistics, and safety concerns all come into play.

Major League Baseball (MLB) has specific rules and procedures in place to address weather-shortened games and how they are handled. Games can either be classified as completed or suspended, with the latter to be resumed at a later date. Regardless of the classification, several factors must be considered when it comes to altering the course of a baseball game due to weather, such as the game’s progress, safety of the players and spectators, and the condition of the playing field.

Key Takeaways

  • Weather-shortened games occur when unfavorable weather conditions interrupt a baseball game before its natural end.
  • MLB has rules in place for handling weather-shortened games, including designating games as completed or suspended.
  • Several factors influence decisions on weather-shortened games, such as game progress, safety concerns, and playing field conditions.

Weather-Shortened Game Definition

A weather-shortened game in baseball occurs when a match has started but has to be called off due to inclement weather. These interruptions can lead to the game being either canceled or postponed, depending on the situation and specific conditions at the time.

The most common reason for suspending a game is when a regulation game is halted because of weather, and the game is either tied or in the middle of an inning where the visiting team has taken the lead. Other rarer causes for suspended games include technical malfunctions in the stadium that prevent the game from continuing.

In case of a weather-shortened match, the regulations depend on whether the game can be considered “official” or not. A game becomes official when it has reached the end of the fifth inning (4.5 innings if the home team is ahead). If an official game is stopped due to rain, the leading team would get the win, and the game would be considered complete. However, if it is in the middle of an inning and the visitors are ahead, the officials may choose to not call a weather suspension and try to finish the inning or use the score at the end of the previous inning to determine the winner.

For postseason games, there are no rain-shortened matches. All playoff and World Series games must be played to completion to be considered official. If rain makes a game unplayable after the sixth inning, the match will resume from that point at a scheduled future date.

During the shortened 2020 MLB season, rain delay rules were adjusted for health and safety purposes. Under these changes, if weather caused a game to be cut short before it became official, it would be continued at a later date from the point of the stoppage.

Types of Weather-Shortened Games


A rainout occurs when a baseball game is canceled due to heavy rain, which makes the field conditions unsuitable for playing. Typically, rainouts happen before the game starts, but they can also occur if a game has already begun but cannot continue safely. In such cases, the game is usually rescheduled for a later date. If the game is a part of the regular season, it may be made up on an off day or by creating a doubleheader.

Suspended Game

A suspended game is a game that is stopped early due to unfavorable weather conditions, such as rain, lightning, or extreme cold, and must be completed at a later date from the point of termination. The most common reason for a suspended game is when a regulation game is terminated due to weather, and the game is either tied or in the midst of an inning. Such a game can also be suspended if the umpire determines that playing conditions have become unsafe, or if the game is stopped for any other reason allowed in the rules.

Completed Game

A completed game in baseball is a game that has reached the required number of innings (usually five) to be considered official, and the result is counted in the standings. If a weather-shortened game has already reached this point and is then interrupted by weather, the current score will be taken as the final result. This means that a team leading after five innings could be declared the winner in a weather-shortened game, even if the game could not be completed due to inclement weather. In some cases, especially in postseason games, officials may decide to resume or restart the game from the point it was stopped to maintain fairness, even if it has already reached the required minimum innings.

Game Resumption Procedures

When a baseball game is interrupted by weather conditions, such as rain or lightning, the game may be considered weather-shortened. In some cases, the game can be resumed after the weather has improved, while in other situations, the game may be suspended and continued at a later date or declared a postponement.

For a game to be official, it needs to complete at least 4.5 innings if the home team is leading, or 5 innings if the away team is leading. In cases where the game has not reached this point, and weather forces a stoppage, the game will be considered as non-official and continued at a later date from the point of the stoppage. This rule has been adjusted for the shortened 2020 season, where rain delay rules were different for non-official games.

When it comes to resuming play, the resumption-of-play procedure is used to prevent delays in putting the ball back in play. This procedure is applied when a throw-in team does not make a thrower available or following a time-out or intermission.

In Major League Baseball (MLB), rule 7.02 outlines the guidelines for suspended, postponed, and tie games. A suspended game shall be resumed and completed as specified in the rule, ensuring fair and consistent gameplay across the league. For example, during the Wild Card, Division Series, League Championship Series, or World Series games, Rule 7.02 (a) does not apply, and games may be subject to other resumption and suspension rules.

When weather stops play and a curfew or time limit prevents the game from resuming after the delay, the game is considered terminated due to the weather and will not be marked as a suspended game. Instead, it will follow the procedures for a postponed game. In cases where a game is suspended by the umpire-in-chief, the game will be rescheduled as soon as possible before the two teams are set to play again against each other (Rule 4.10).

Statistics and Record Keeping

Weather-shortened games in baseball can impact statistics and record keeping, as they may result in games being postponed or suspended. In such cases, leagues like Major League Baseball (MLB) have specific rules and protocols in place to ensure accurate records of these games.

When a game is postponed due to weather, it is typically rescheduled to be completed on a later date. The statistics from the original game are maintained and carried over, ensuring accurate information for both teams and individual players. This enables commentators, analysts, and fans to track the performance and progress of their favorite teams and players throughout the season.

In the event of a suspended game, where play has started but is unable to be completed due to weather, the game is resumed at a later date from the point of interruption. All statistics from the suspended game are recorded, enabling a seamless continuation of the game when it resumes. This process ensures that the performance of players is accurately documented despite the disruption of the game due to weather conditions.

In addition to the official scorers hired by professional baseball leagues to maintain records, fans often engage in the practice of scorekeeping for their own enjoyment. This form of record keeping adds to the richness of baseball statistics and allows fans to track the details of each game more closely.

Throughout the history of baseball, statistics have been recorded and maintained to reflect the performance of teams and individual players. This meticulous attention to detail is essential for informing game commentary, understanding player achievements, and informing decisions in the popular realm of fantasy sports. Accurate record keeping is therefore crucial to the integrity and enjoyment of the game, even in weather-shortened situations.

Safety and Grounds Rules

In the game of baseball, certain situations may arise due to weather conditions or other unforeseen circumstances which can lead to a shortened game. A weather-shortened game is one that has been prematurely halted or even postponed due to rain, lightning, or other weather-related issues.

Safety is a top priority in baseball, and ground rules have been established to address weather-related concerns. Major League Baseball (MLB) has implemented a set of “universal ground rules” that apply to all MLB ballparks. These rules ensure a consistent approach to handling weather-related situations across all professional stadiums.

When a game is delayed due to weather, a minimum delay of 30 minutes is mandatory before the game can resume. This rule has been introduced to ensure the safety of both players and attendees, allowing ample time for any severe weather to clear before continuing play. In addition, clubs are allowed to suspend or resume any game pursuant to a severe weather policy that has been filed with the league office prior to the championship season.

In the case of non-official games, rain delay rules are slightly different. If weather causes a game to be cut short before it is official, it will be continued at a later date from the point of the stoppage. This ensures that all games are played to completion and prevents any interruptions to the season’s schedule.

For bettors, it is essential to understand the rules surrounding rain-shortened games. If a game is postponed before the first pitch, most bets will be void. However, if a game is delayed by rain and resumes the same day, all bets will stand.

By maintaining a set of ground rules and strict weather safety guidelines, baseball ensures that players, attendees, and games are kept as safe as possible while also striving for a fair and consistent experience across all stadiums.

Preventing Weather-Shortened Games

In baseball, a weather-shortened game occurs when a match cannot proceed due to adverse weather conditions. These instances may lead to the suspension or termination of the game before it reaches regulation or official status. A game is considered regulation or official once the visiting team makes 15 outs (five innings) and the home team is leading, or the home team has made 15 outs regardless of score.

While it is not possible to completely eliminate the risk of weather-shortened games, there are preventive measures that can be taken to reduce their occurrences. Many baseball stadiums today are equipped with advanced weather monitoring systems that allow for accurate real-time predictions. By closely monitoring these systems, team officials and league representatives can anticipate changes in weather patterns and make informed decisions about delaying or rescheduling games if necessary.

Additionally, maintaining proper field conditions is essential to preventing weather-related issues. Proper drainage systems, along with regular maintenance of the grounds helps minimize flooding and other hazards that can result from heavy rain. Baseball stadiums can also use field covers and tarps to protect the playing surface from the elements.

Another approach to reduce weather-shortened games could include scheduling games outside of peak weather seasons, such as earlier in the spring or later in the fall. This may help to avoid severe storms, hurricanes, and other extreme weather events that commonly disrupt the season.

Implementing retractable roofs in new baseball stadiums can help in mitigating weather-related disruptions. Not only do these roofs allow for games to continue safely during inclement weather, but they also protect the field and fans from the elements.

In summary, proper planning and the use of advanced technologies can help minimize the instances of weather-shortened games in baseball. Even though it may not be possible to avoid completely, taking these preventive measures can ensure the continuity of games and improve the overall experience for players and spectators alike.