Augusta National Golf Club

What is the definition of Augusta National Golf Club in Golf?

Augusta National Golf Club is a renowned golf club situated in Augusta, Georgia, United States. Established as a for-profit corporation, the club is recognized for its outstanding courses, world-class tournaments, and exclusive membership. With a rich history and immaculate grounds, Augusta National has become synonymous with the sport of golf itself.

The club’s beginnings trace back to 1933, when it was founded by Bobby Jones and Clifford Roberts on the site of a former nursery. Over the years, the course has evolved to accommodate modern golfing challenges while maintaining its timeless beauty. One of the distinguishing features of Augusta National is its majestic setting, featuring lush fairways, vibrant dogwoods, azaleas, and pristine water bodies.

Key Takeaways

  • Augusta National Golf Club, located in Augusta, Georgia, is a prestigious and exclusive golf venue.
  • The club was established in 1933 by Bobby Jones and Clifford Roberts on the grounds of a former nursery.
  • Augusta National is acclaimed for its stunning courses, notable tournaments, and elite membership.

Location and History


Augusta National Golf Club, sometimes referred to as Augusta National, Augusta, or the National, is a golf club located in Augusta, Georgia, United States. Founded by Bobby Jones and Clifford Roberts, it opened its doors in 1932. The club is well-known for being the home of the prestigious Masters Tournament, which began in 1934.

Historical Significance

The Augusta National clubhouse was initially constructed in 1854 as the residence of indigo plantation owner Dennis Redmond. It is believed to be the first concrete house built in the South, featuring walls 18 inches thick. The building’s structure was later affected by a large earthquake centered in Charleston, South Carolina, in the late 1800s.

The golf club itself has earned a reputation not only for its stunning course but also for its rich history in the world of golf. As the host of the Masters Tournament, Augusta National has witnessed some of the most memorable moments in the sport, attracting the world’s best golfers to compete for one of golf’s most sought-after prizes.

Course Overview

Signature Holes

Augusta National Golf Club is home to several iconic and challenging holes. Among these signature holes are the par-five 13th hole, called “Azalea,” and the par-three 12th hole, known as “Golden Bell.” Both holes are part of the infamous Amen Corner, a stretch of the course that often plays a significant role in determining the Masters Tournament’s outcome.

Course Layout

The course at Augusta National Golf Club was designed by the legendary Bobby Jones and acclaimed golf architect Alister MacKenzie. It is a par-72 course, measuring approximately 7,475 yards. The layout is notable for its undulating greens, vast bunkers, and numerous water hazards.

The front nine begins with a challenging 445-yard par-four hole called “Tea Olive.” This uphill, dogleg right requires accuracy and skill to navigate successfully. The course continues with a variety of different hole types, each presenting unique challenges for golfers.

As players transition to the back nine, they must confront the famous Amen Corner, comprised of the 11th, 12th, and 13th holes. The 11th hole, called “White Dogwood,” is a challenging par-4 featuring a water hazard protecting the left side of the green. Following this comes the aforementioned “Golden Bell” and “Azalea” holes, whose beauty and challenge have earned their place in golf history.

The final stretch of the course culminates at the 18th hole, named “Holly.” This uphill par-4 tests golfers with a narrow fairway and a sloping green, providing a fitting finish to the world-renowned Augusta National Golf Club.

Tournaments Hosted

The Masters

Augusta National Golf Club is renowned for hosting the Masters Tournament since 1934, a prestigious event and one of the four men’s major golf championships in professional golf. Scheduled for the first full week in April, the Masters is the first major golf tournament of the year and unique as it is the only major played each year at the same course.

The tournament began as the Augusta National Invitation Tournament until it was officially named the Masters in 1939. Over the years, the course has undergone various changes, including reversing the front nine and back nine in 1935 to enhance the spectator experience.

Amateur Tournaments

Apart from the Masters, Augusta National Golf Club has a history of hosting amateur tournaments, showcasing talented golfers from different parts of the world. These events provide an opportunity for up-and-coming golfers to compete on the same stage as professional golfers and gain valuable experience at a world-class golf course. While the Masters remains the prominent event at Augusta National, the club’s commitment to supporting and encouraging amateur golf is crucial to the growth and development of the sport.


Inclusion Policy

Augusta National Golf Club, located in Augusta, Georgia, is known for its exclusivity and prestigious reputation. Membership to the club is strictly by invitation, and there is no application process. If a person asks to become a member, their chances of receiving an invitation are reportedly reduced. Estimates suggest the initiation fee for the membership ranges between $40,000 and $500,000, and the annual dues are between $3,000 and $30,000.

Notable Members

The club has had numerous well-known members throughout its history. Some of these notable members have included:

  • Dwight D. Eisenhower: The 34th President of the United States was an avid golfer and a member of Augusta National. The club even has a cabin named after him on the grounds, where he frequently stayed.
  • Warren Buffett: The famed investor and business magnate is also a member of Augusta National. His love for the game of golf is well-documented.
  • Condoleezza Rice: In 2012, the former U.S. Secretary of State became one of the first two female members to be admitted into Augusta National. Her invitation marked a significant shift in the club’s inclusion policy.

Grounds and Facilities


Augusta National Golf Club is renowned for its impeccable appearance. The grounds are meticulously maintained, with imported pine needles and carefully planted azaleas and dogwoods adding to the natural beauty of the course. The club has gained fame for the picturesque landscaping, which contributes to its status as a premier golf destination.


The Augusta National clubhouse, built in 1854, originally served as the home of indigo plantation owner Dennis Redmond. This historic three-story building, believed to be the first concrete house in the South, now serves as the hub for club activities and gatherings. The area surrounding the clubhouse features a mix of tee boxes, greens, and historic buildings, providing a bustling atmosphere for patrons. In addition to the golf course, Augusta National Golf Club offers a range of amenities, ensuring a world-class experience for all who visit.