A strikeout is called when a hitter earns three strikes and does not make a successful run during an at bat. The strikeout is charged to the hitter who earns three strikes and is credited to the pitcher who threw the pitches to earn the strikes. Foul balls count as strikes, except for those on the final strike during the at bat. A batter who tries to bunt on the third strike is considered out if the ball is picked up in foul territory.

When Are Hitters Out on Strikeouts?

Batters are automatically out on strikeouts, except in the cases that either the catcher failed to have a clean hold on the baseball, or if the ball made contact with the dirt. If the catcher fails to catch the ball on the third strike, the hitter is allowed to make an attempt at running to first base under the conditions that it is open or the team currently has two outs. Despite this, the scorebook will still be noted with a strikeout charged to the hitter and credited to the batter.

How Are Strikeouts Recorded in the Scorebook?

Strikeouts are recorded in the scorebook with the denotation of the letter K; a backward K is used to indicate a third-strike call on which the batter didn’t swing.